Follow these color codes:

Title of Book
Title of Article
Title of Periodical
Place of Publication
Other Information

1.ааOkuda M, Okuda D. Star Trek Chronology: the History of the Future. New York: Pocket Books; 1993.

Journal or Magazine Article (with volume numbers)
2.ааWilcox RV. Shifting roles and synthetic women in Star Trek: The Next Generation. Stud Pop Culture. 1991;13:53-65.

Newspaper, Magazine or Journal Article (without volume numbers)
3.ааDi Rado A. Trekking through college: classes explore modern society using the world of Star Trek. Los Angeles Times. March 15, 1995:A3.

Encyclopedia Article
4.ааSturgeon T. Science fiction. In: Lorimer LT, editorial director; Cummings C, ed-in-chief; Leish KW, managing ed. The Encyclopedia Americana. Vol 24. International ed. Danbury, Conn: Grolier Incorporated; 1995:390-392.

Book Article or Chapter
5.ааJames NE. Two sides of paradise: the Eden myth according to Kirk and Spock. In: Palumbo D, ed. Spectrum of the Fantastic. Westport, Conn: Greenwood; 1988:219-223.

ERIC Document
6.ааFuss-Reineck M. Sibling Communication in Star Trek: The Next Generation: Conflicts Between Brothers. Miami, Fla: Annual Meeting of the Speech Communication Association; 1993. ERIC Document Reproduction Service ED364932.

7.ааLynch T. DSN Trials and tribble-ations review. Psi Phi: Bradley’s Science Fiction Club Web site. 1996. Available at: Accessed October 8, 1997.

Journal Article on the Internet
8.ааMcCoy LH. Respiratory changes in Vulcans during pon farr. J Extr Med [serial online]. 1999;47:237-247.Available at: Accessed April 7, 1999.


Items are listed numerically in the order they are cited in the text.

If you are using a typewriter and cannot use italics, then use underlining.

Authors: use initials of first and second names with no spaces. Include up to six authors. If there are more than six, include the first three, followed by et al. If no author is given, start with the title.

Books: include the edition statement (ex: 3rd ed. or Rev ed.) between the title and place if it is not the first edition.

Place: use abbreviations of states, not postal codes.
Journals: abbreviate titles as shown in Index Medicus. If the journal does not paginate continuously through the volume, include the month (and day).

Websites: include the name of the webpage, the name of the entire website, the full date of the page (if available), and the date you looked at it.

For documents and situations not listed here, see the printed version of the manual. A similar styleguide is the Uniform Requirements for Manuscripts Submitted to Biomedical Journals