This guide is based on Turabian’s A Manual for Writers of Term Papers, Theses, and Dissertations 6th ed. 1996. Examples are shown for books, articles, and online resources.

Follow these color codes:

Title of Book
Title of Article
Title of Periodical
Place of Publication
Other Information

Okuda, Michael, and Denise Okuda. 1993. Star Trek chronology: The history of the future. New York: Pocket Books.

Journal Article
Wilcox, Rhonda V. 1991. Shifting roles and synthetic women in Star Trek: The Next Generation. Studies in Popular Culture 13 (June): 53-65.

Newspaper or Magazine Article
Di Rado, Alicia. 1995. Trekking through college: Classes explore modern society using the world of Star Trek. Los Angeles Times, 15 March, A3.

Encyclopedia Article
(Theodore Sturgeon, “Science fiction,” in Encyclopedia Americana, 1995 ed.)

Book Article or Chapter
James, Nancy E. 1988. Two sides of paradise: The Eden myth according to Kirk and Spock. In Spectrum of the fantastic, ed. Donald Palumbo, 219-223. Westport, CT: Greenwood.

ERIC Document
Fuss-Reineck, Marilyn. 1993. Sibling communication in Star Trek: TheNext Generation: Conflicts between brothers. Miami, FL: Speech Communication Assocation. ERIC, ED 364 932.

Lynch, Tim. 1996. DS9 Trials and Tribble-ations review [on-line]. Peoria, IL: Bradley University; available from http://www.bradley.edu/campusorg/psiphi/DS9/ep/503r.html; Internet; accessed 8 October 1997.


There are two different Turabian Styles. The one shown above is for a Reference List which is starting to become the more common one. See the printed manual for the other.

Arrange the items on your reference list alphabetically by author, interfiling books, articles, etc.

Indent the second and following lines 5 spaces.

If you are using a typewriter and cannot use italics, then use underlining.

If no author is given, start with the title and then the date.

Websites: include the date the page was created (or updated) and the date you looked at it.

The rules concerning a title within a title are not displayed here for purposes of clarity. See the printed version of the manual for details.

For documents and situations not listed here, see the printed version of the manual.